Investigation and evaluation on the international

2022-09-20
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Investigation and evaluation of the international competitiveness of China's power generation equipment manufacturing industry

evaluation system of the international competitiveness of China's power generation equipment manufacturing industry

1. Evaluation purpose

power generation equipment manufacturing industry is an industry that provides equipment for the power industry and an important basic industry that supports the sustained, rapid and healthy development of the national economy. It has the characteristics of technology intensive, large capital occupation, and long research and production cycle. With China's sustained and rapid economic growth and strong demand for electricity, the power generation equipment manufacturing industry has entered a period of rapid development. As of 2007, China's installed power generation capacity has reached 718 million KW, ranking second in the world, with more than 80% of domestic units. In 2007, China's power generation equipment output reached 130 million KW, becoming the world's largest power generation equipment manufacturing country. As the domestic power demand tends to be stable, the production capacity of power generation equipment formed is greater than the domestic market demand. In order to ensure the safety and sustainable development of power generation equipment industry, "going out" to participate in international market competition will become an important way for future development. In order to occupy an important position in the international market competition, and through the comparative analysis with nine famous foreign companies, find out the gap, early warning the possible damage to the industry, and seek countermeasures to improve the competitiveness of the international market. At the same time, it also provides reference for business development and scientific decision-making, and provides high-level industrial comprehensive competitiveness information for the government and financial institutions in terms of policy, financing and investment

2. Evaluation object

the evaluation object of this industry is the power generation equipment manufacturing industry in the main producing countries of power generation equipment. The research group selects the following eight countries as the comparison object of the international competitiveness of the power generation equipment industry: the United States, Japan, Germany, France, China, South Korea, India, Russia. In view of the incomplete statistics of the industry data of power generation equipment manufacturing in various countries and the great difficulty in collecting, in order to achieve the integrity and comparability of the data, the research group selects the representative power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises in various countries, and takes the corresponding indicators in the field of power generation equipment in the representative enterprises as the index value of the power generation equipment manufacturing industry in the country

in the selection of representative enterprises, the principle is that representative enterprises of various countries account for more than 60% of the scale of national power generation equipment manufacturing industry in recent years. China's three major groups (Shanghai electric power station group, Harbin power station equipment group and China Dongfang Electric Group) account for about 76% of the national power generation equipment manufacturing industry, India's Bharat Heavy Electric Company (BHEL) accounts for about 65% of its national power generation equipment manufacturing industry, and Russia's power Machinery Co., Ltd. (PM) is Russia's main power generation equipment manufacturing enterprise, The three major power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises in Japan (Toshiba, Hitachi and Mitsubishi) account for almost all the shares of Japan's domestic industry, while General Electric (GE), Siemens (Siemens) and ALSTOM (Alstom) are all multinational companies, and their core technologies and key equipment production are mainly in China, which is representative of their home countries

according to the above selection principles of representative enterprises, the representative enterprises selected by the power generation equipment manufacturing industry in eight countries and their data collection standards are as follows:

United States - data of the U.S. GE Energy Equipment Industry in fiscal year 2006

Japan - the sum of the data of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries energy equipment, Toshiba energy equipment industry and Hitachi energy equipment industry in fiscal year 2006

China - the sum of the data of Shanghai electric power station group, Harbin power station equipment group and China Dongfang Electric Group in 2006

Germany - data of German Siemens power generation equipment industry in fiscal year 2006

France - data of Alstom energy equipment industry in FY2006

South Korea - data of power generation equipment industry of Doosan Heavy Industry in South Korea in fiscal year 2006

India - data of power generation equipment industry of Bharat heavy electric company in India in fiscal year 2006

Russia - Russian Power Machinery Co., Ltd. fiscal year 2006 data

3. Evaluation content

from the perspective of industry, this paper constructs the analysis model, evaluation method and evaluation index system of the international competitiveness of power generation equipment manufacturing industry, and uses the established evaluation index system to evaluate the competitiveness of power generation equipment manufacturing industry in various countries

from the perspective of enterprises, benchmarking analysis is used to evaluate the competitiveness of "Chinese companies" and nine world-famous companies in R & D, manufacturing, complete sets, sales and services, as well as the resulting performance of business activities, including production factors, market demand, related industries and enterprise management

4. Evaluation index system

the evaluation index system of the international competitiveness of power generation equipment manufacturing industry sets up five aspects of performance competitiveness, scale competitiveness, potential competitiveness and environmental competitiveness, and 15 evaluation indexes, striving to be comprehensive and representative for the analysis of the competitiveness of tensile strength and yield strength of materials that can be directly measured internationally

evaluation of the international competitiveness of China's power generation equipment manufacturing industry

(I) the basic situation of China's power generation equipment manufacturing industry

1. China's power generation equipment manufacturing industry has developed rapidly, becoming a large manufacturing country

China's installed power capacity has grown from 1.85 million kW in the early days of the founding of the people's Republic of China to 718 million kW in 2007, ranking second in the world, and more than 80% of it is domestic units. Hydropower units are 145million kW, ranking first in the world

2. Through technology introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation, China has a strong ability of independent innovation

through independent development, technology introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation, China's power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises have mastered the world's advanced technology, and integrate and innovate according to national conditions, It has formed the manufacturing technology advantages and international competitiveness of power generation equipment with Chinese characteristics and in line with China's national conditions. The technology of coal and hydropower units is equivalent to the advanced level of foreign countries, and some technologies are superior to foreign countries

thermal power units: at present, after fastening the screws, China has the capacity to mass produce 600000, 1million kW supercritical thermal power units and 1million kW ultra supercritical units. The coal consumption for power generation reaches 276 grams, 2 grams less than the international general design value, reaching the world advanced level. The reliability and availability of the unit are significantly improved, which is equal to or partially superior to the imported unit

hydropower units: the domestic 700000 kW hydropower units represented by the Three Gorges project have been successfully put into operation, marking that the manufacturing level of hydropower units in China has entered the world's advanced ranks, ending the history of relying on imports. Among the 32 units of the Three Gorges Project (including the underground power station), 16 units are independently designed and manufactured in China, and the maximum efficiency of the units is more than 95%, 2 percentage points higher than that of the imported units. At the same time, the full air cooling and evaporative cooling technology with independent intellectual property rights is creatively applied to the hydropower units, so that the innovation of new cooling technology for large hydropower units in China has been in the forefront of the world; In terms of unit stability, it is significantly better than imported units. At present, 1million kW mixed flow high head large hydropower units are being developed, and positive progress has been made

nuclear power units: on the basis of comprehensively mastering the second generation nuclear power manufacturing technology, the third generation advanced nuclear power technology is being digested and absorbed at present

renewable energy units: China has mastered the design and manufacturing technology of wind turbines below 1 MW; The 1 MW, 1.5 MW variable pitch, variable speed constant frequency wind turbines manufactured through technology introduction, digestion and absorption have been mass produced; Solar photovoltaic power generation and biomass power generation units have also made great progress, and the technical level has been significantly improved

3. After technical transformation, the processing equipment has reached the world leading level

after many technical transformations, China's power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises have reached the world leading level. Among them, in terms of processing equipment, it has world-class advanced equipment such as large-scale heavy-duty machining centers, large-scale heavy-duty CNC machine tools, MPM membrane water-cooled wall welding wiring; In terms of test equipment, it has 3000 ton thrust bearing test bench, high-energy hydraulic test bench, large evaporative cooling test bench, air cooling test bench and other world advanced test equipment. At the same time, in order to meet the processing and transportation of large-scale power generation equipment, the maximum lifting capacity has reached 1400 tons

4. Export trade has expanded rapidly

China's power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises have accelerated the pace of participating in international market competition while continuously improving the domestic market share. In 2006, the newly signed contract amount of foreign contracted projects reached US $6.24 billion, involving more than 20 countries and regions. In 2007, it reached US $16.5 billion, with a total of 31 countries. In recent years, major breakthroughs have been made in the export of complete sets of 300000 and 600000 kW large thermal power units. At present, the exporting countries and regions not only include Asian and African countries, but also have begun to enter the American and European markets

(II) evaluation of the international competitiveness of China's power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises

the comprehensive index method and benchmarking analysis method are used to comprehensively evaluate and compare the international competitiveness of the world's major power generation equipment enterprises, mainly from six aspects: business performance competitiveness, enterprise scale competitiveness, innovation competitiveness, service competitiveness, globalization competitiveness and product competitiveness. The evaluation results are as follows:

1. The competition pattern has changed, and Chinese enterprises have formed certain advantages and jumped to the "second group"

in the past, the competition pattern of world power generation equipment enterprises was: General Electric of the United States, Siemens of Germany and ALSTOM of France were the most competitive, known as the first group; Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Toshiba and Hitachi in Japan are second in competitiveness, which is called the second group; The three major enterprises in China, Bharat in India, Doosan in South Korea and Russian power machinery have weak competitiveness and are called the third group

according to the results of this evaluation, general electric, Siemens and ALSTOM ranked in the top three according to the score of the comprehensive evaluation index, and still maintained the first group position: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries ranked fourth, "Chinese companies" surpassed Toshiba and Hitachi, ranking fifth, and Chinese enterprises jumped to the second group. China's power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises have the following advantages:

(1) China's power generation equipment enterprises draw on the strengths of others and have a certain technological innovation ability to compete with the first group

driven by the strong domestic power market, after years of technology introduction, digestion and absorption, and re innovation, China's power generation equipment manufacturing enterprises have mastered various advanced technologies in the world and integrated and innovated according to the domestic situation, It has formed the manufacturing technology advantages of power generation equipment with Chinese characteristics and in line with China's national conditions. The technology of coal-fired power and hydropower units is equivalent to the advanced level of foreign countries, and some technologies are superior to foreign countries

the tower type and W-flame units introduced in the past are not suitable for Chinese coals and have insufficient output, which are solved by Chinese enterprises with their own technology. While introducing technology, domestic enterprises, in view of the narrow scope of application of foreign unit coal and the complex situation of Chinese coal, have adopted a number of technologies such as opposed combustion, tangential fuel and W-flame combustion, so that the scope of application of domestic boiler coal is very wide: they have absorbed impulse and reaction blade technology, and developed long blades with Chinese characteristics: they have absorbed thick wall and thin-wall cylinder technology, Developed cylinder technology with Chinese characteristics, which is not available to any foreign enterprise

in the cooling technology of Three Gorges hydro generator, domestic enterprises have independently developed and successfully developed full air cooling and evaporative cooling technology, which has been welcomed and praised by power users, and the efficiency and stability of the turbine runner model

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