Introduction to modern interior decoration design

2022-07-22
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The style and School of interior design belong to the category of spiritual function in the indoor environment, and are expressed in a certain artistic form. Its language is often closely combined with the style of architecture and furniture, or influenced by the style embodied in literature, painting, music and other arts in the corresponding period. The style of interior design is the ideological trend of different times and different regional characteristics. Through creative conception and performance, it has gradually developed into a representative form of interior design. The formation of a typical style

the style and School of interior design belong to the category of spiritual function in the indoor environment, and are expressed in a certain artistic form. Its language is often closely combined with the style of architecture and furniture, or influenced by the style embodied in literature, painting, music and other arts in the corresponding period

the style of interior design is the ideological trend of different times and different regional characteristics. Through creative conception and performance, it has gradually developed into a representative form of interior design. The formation of a typical style usually has external and internal factors. External factors are influenced by nature, society, science and technology, culture and other atmosphere; The internal factors are affected by the users' lifestyle, religious beliefs, personal preferences, and the designers' creative ideas, professional level, artistic literacy and so on. Internal and external factors interact and complement each other at the same time, and continue to develop

while human society is gradually transitioning from industrial society to post industrial society and information society, people put forward higher requirements for their surrounding environment. The emergence, development and transformation of different styles in interior design are not only the reflection of profound social and historical development and cultural development, but also will greatly improve the quality of the environment where people live day and night

in addition to the modernist and postmodern styles mentioned above, interior design also includes the following main styles:

1 Classicism style

classicism style refers to the layout, alignment, tone, furniture, furnishings, modeling and other aspects in interior design, Absorb the "shape" of traditional decoration The characteristics of "God" and the use of traditional aesthetic principles make modern materials and structures shape a design trend of regular, dignified, elegant and noble interior modeling. It reflects the nostalgia and nostalgia for tradition of modern people in the post industrial era, and urges designers to seek inspiration from history, such as Chinese traditional style, Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Rococo in western traditional style Style, Japanese traditional style, etc. Traditional style often gives people the feeling of historical continuity and regional context, which makes the indoor environment highlight the image characteristics of national cultural origin

2. Natural style

natural style is also known as "local style", "pastoral style" and "local style". It advocates "returning to nature". Aesthetically, "natural beauty" is highly respected, and it is believed that only by advocating and combining nature can people's physiology and psychology be balanced in today's high-tech and high-paced social life. It advocates using natural materials such as wood, fabric and stone to show the texture of the material itself, which is fresh and elegant, and strives to express a leisurely, simple and comfortable mood and create a natural and elegant indoor atmosphere

3. The style of the Illuminati

the Illuminati is the evolution of the minimalism in late modernism, also known as the "silver school". Interior designers are good at the composition of abstract shapes, boasting the precision, refinement and bright effect of new materials and modern processing technology. Mirror and flat surface glass, stainless steel, polished granite and marble are often used as decorative materials indoors. In terms of indoor lighting, various new light sources and lamps such as projection and refraction are used to form a dazzling effect under the foil of metal and mirror materials. It also shows the high precision of modern materials and modern processing technology in a simple and lively space, transmitting the spirit of the times

4. High Tech School style

High Tech School is also known as "heavy Tech School". High Tech School opposes traditional aesthetic concepts, emphasizes design as the media of information and the communication function of design, so as to highlight the achievements of contemporary industrial technology, show off in the architectural form and indoor environment, pay attention to the exquisite technology, and advocate "Mechanical beauty", such as indoor exposed structural components such as beams, plates, grids, and various equipment and pipelines such as air ducts and cables, emphasizes the process technology and sense of the times. Typical examples are the national art and culture center in Pompidou, France, the Bank of China in Hong Kong, etc.

5. Surrealist style

surrealist style, that is, the pursuit of surreal pure art indoors, through the use of abnormal spatial organization, curved surfaces or lines with flowing arcs Type interface, with thick colors, unpredictable light and shadow, furniture and equipment with strange shapes, and sometimes modern paintings or sculptures to foil the Surrealist indoor environment atmosphere, strives to use different design methods to expand the feeling of space in the "limited space" limited by architecture, so as to create a "world that does not exist in the world", and shows that surrealist designers are full of contradictions and conflicts in the world today, Escapist psychological sustenance

6. White school style

the interior design of white school uses a lot of white, which constitutes the keynote of this school. It is simple, simple but rich in changes, and rich in deep ideological connotation. The white school became popular in the early stage of late modernism. Because white gives people a pure and elegant feeling, it can increase the brightness of the room, increase people's optimism, and make people have beautiful associations. When used, it can be combined with other colors, set off, or contrast bright colors, playing a unique decorative role, so it is loved by people. The success of colored injection molded furniture in Italy is inseparable from the prevalence of white interior style

7. Oriental style of sentiment

in the eyes of Westerners, Oriental culture always has special charm. Therefore, in the practice of modern interior design in the west, the Oriental exotic often occupies a place. The design idea of Oriental style is closely connected with oriental philosophy. The philosophy of "the unity of heaven and man" of Chinese Taoism emphasizes the integration of interior and surrounding environment to create a peaceful and harmonious interior atmosphere, which is consistent with modern environmental consciousness. The color pursues softness and nature, simplicity and elegance, deliberately reflects the unique form and decoration of Oriental wood frame structure, and reflects the texture beauty of materials. Chinese lacquer screens, Ming style furniture, Oriental silk, carved lacquer, calligraphy and painting, ceramics and other traditional furnishings together create a strong oriental atmosphere. In particular, the private garden houses in Jiangnan integrate outdoor and indoor scenery, greatly enriching the artistic techniques of interior design by borrowing scenery, so that the layout of indoor and garden together produce Oriental sentiment and create a unique artistic conception

8. Japanese "harmony style"

Japanese "harmony style" also had a great impact on modern interior design. The Japanese integrate the ideas of Buddhism and Zen, as well as tea ceremony and Japanese culture into interior design. Using screens, curtains, bamboo curtains and other methods to divide indoor space, square ceilings, push and pull partitions, there are tatami style sitting on the ground and chair seat style, with simple layout and the pursuit of natural decorative style, giving people a sense of simplicity, freshness and detachment

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